Monday, 27 January 2014

Tax Avoidance

Why is it that people who are already extremely wealthy find it so difficult to pay their fare share of tax?

Even someone like Sir Alex Ferguson, who is wheeled out regularly to support the Labour Party, seems to favour elaborate tax avoidance schemes - according to this report from the Times newspaper.

Only this time HM Revenue & Customs won its High Court battle to stop stop wealthy investors from claiming £404,000 in tax relief - from funds worth only £173,000.  

Ferguson and Eriksson lose film tax relief battle


Sir Alex Ferguson is a member of a film investment scheme that sought £117 million in tax reliefAndrew Yates/ Getty Images

By Alexi Mostrous Special Correspondent

Sven-Göran Eriksson, the former England manager, and Sir Alex Ferguson, the ex-Manchester United manager, are among hundreds of wealthy investors facing a gloomy Christmas after Revenue & Customs again defeated their claims to £117 million in tax relief.

The 289 members of Eclipse 35, a controversial film investment scheme, sought the tax relief as part of a complex £1 billion deal to license distribution rights to two Disney productions called Enchanted and Underdog.

Yesterday a High Court judge confirmed an earlier ruling that the scheme was not “a trade”, depriving its members of the possibility of claiming tax relief. If Eclipse 35 had worked, members could have enjoyed an average of £404,000 in tax relief on a personal investment of £173,000.

Mr Justice Sales agreed with tax judges last year who ruled that Eclipse 35 did not have “any capability whatsoever to be part of any strategic or day-to-day planning for the marketing or release of the two films”.

He also found that the main income streams from the films involved “no prospect of loss or gain”, an important aspect of a trade.

The Eclipse members put up £50 million of their own cash which, together with £790 million in loans from Barclays Bank, were used to buy distribution rights. Disney agreed to lease back the rights in return for an annual payment over 20 years. Members argued that tax relief was claimable on the large interest payments arising on the Barclays loan.

Last year, the Revenue signalled that it might try to tax payments coming back to investors from Disney, meaning that they could receive tax bills significantly greater than the relief they might have received.

Many corporations have distanced themselves from investment schemes such as Eclipse 35, citing an increasing intolerance of anything seen to be tax avoidance.

“If Eclipse came up again, would we help fund it?” said a source at Barclays, which financed Eclipse 35 in 2007, last July. “No.”

Last year, Dave Hartnett, the former head of the Revenue, said that his department would increase legal action against film investment schemes. “I think we’ll clean up on film schemes over the next few years,” he said.

Eclipse 35 was set up by Future Capital Partners (FCP), which received £44 million in fees. Disney was paid £6 million. FCP denies that it promotes tax avoidance schemes and says it commercial operations for profit.

An FCP spokesman said: “We are naturally disappointed as we consider that Eclipse 35 is a commercial, trading, film business, which we expect to generate at least £474 million of UK taxable net profits over its life — over one and a half times the amount of tax relief that was claimed.”